Concussions 101

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is the result of a blow (traumatic biomechanical force)  to head or neck, which causes to the brain to be rocked back and forth inside of the skull. There is transient impairment in brain function, but no damage to brain anatomy.  This leads to an altered state of consciousness of mental awareness (disturbance in normal neurometabolism), which can either be temporary or prolonged.

Fact:  Concussion is one of the most serious and prevalent medical problems at the high school level.

The Many Faces of Concussion

Symptoms of concussion can be highly variable and present themselves at different times over the recovery process depending on many factors.  Individual assessment and recognition of any of the following symptoms is important to be aware of with mild head injuries.

Physical Symptoms
Headache
Nausea
Vomiting
Balance Problems
Dizziness
Visual Problems
Fatigue
Sensitive to Light and Noise
Numbness/Tingling

Thought Processes
Mentally Foggy
Feeling Slowed Down
Difficulty Concentrating
Difficulty Remembering

Sleep Patterns
Drowsiness
Sleeping Less than Normal
Sleeping More than Normal
Trouble Falling Asleep

Emotional Status
Irritable
Sadness
Nervousness
Feeling More Emotional

Often times these symptoms will be exacerbated during physical or cognitive activity.

If you are feeling any of these symptoms following a traumatic blow to the head or body, then you likely have sustained a mild head injury/concussion. Seek medical care if these worsen or do not improve with rest over time.

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